IT industry set for rapid upheaval in 2011

In 2011, we expect to see technologies such as cloud computing and smartphones make the critical transition from early adopter status to the first stages of mainstream adoption.
As a result, the IT industry will revolve more and more around the build-out and adoption of mobility, cloud-based application and service delivery, and value-generating overlays of social business and pervasive analytics.
In addition to creating new markets and opportunities, this restructuring will overthrow nearly every assumption about who the industry's leaders are and how they establish and maintain leadership.
The platform transition will be fueled by another solid year of recovery in IT spending. IDC forecasts worldwide IT spending will be $1.6 trillion in 2011, an increase of 5.7% over 2010.
While hardware spending will remain strong, with 7.8% year-over-year growth, the industry will depend to a larger extent on improvements in software spending (5.3% growth), related project-based services spending (3.5% growth), and gains in outsourcing (4% growth).
Worldwide IT spending will also benefit from the accelerated recovery in emerging markets, which will generate more than half of all net new IT spending worldwide in 2011.
Spending on public IT cloud services will grow at more than five times the rate of the IT industry in 2011, up 30% from 2010, as organizations move a wider range of business applications into the cloud.
Small and medium-sized business cloud use will surge in 2011, with adoption of some cloud resources topping 33% among US midsize firms by year's end.
The more nascent private cloud model will meanwhile continue to evolve as infrastructure, software, and service providers collaborate on a range of new offerings and solutions.
The industry will also battle it out for cloud supremacy. Vendors will vie to determine which of their cloud platforms will be used to deploy solutions, and which company will provide coherent IT management across multiple public clouds, customers' private clouds, and their legacy IT environments.
Mobile computing – on a variety of devices and through a range of new applications – will continue to explode in 2011, forming another critical plank in the new industry platform.
IDC expects shipments of app-capable, non-PC mobile devices, such as smartphones and media tablets, to outnumber PC shipments within the next 18 months. And once this threshold is hit, there will be no looking back.
While vendors with a PC heritage will scramble to secure their position in this rapidly expanding market, another battle will be taking place for dominance in the mobile apps market.
The level of activity in this market will be staggering, with IDC expecting nearly 25 billion mobile apps to be downloaded in 2011, up from just over 10 billion in 2010.
Over time, the still-emerging apps ecosystems promise to fundamentally restructure the channels for all digital content and services to consumers.
Meanwhile, social business software has gained significant momentum in the enterprise over the past 18 months and this trend is expected to continue. IDC forecasts a compound annual growth rate of 38% through 2014.
In a sure sign that social business has hit the mainstream, IDC expects 2011 to be a year of consolidation as the major software vendors acquire social software providers to jump-start or increase their social business footprint.
The use of social platforms by small and medium-sized businesses will likewise accelerate, with more than 40% of SMBs using social networks for promotional purposes by the year's end.
As the new mainstream IT platform coalesces in the months ahead, IDC expects it to lay a foundation for IT vendors to support, and profit from, a variety of "intelligent industry" transformations.
In retail, mobility and social networking are rapidly changing consumers' shopping experience as they bring their smartphones into the store for on-site price comparisons and product recommendations.
In financial services, mobility and the cloud are bringing mobile banking and payments closer to reality. In the healthcare industry, IDC expects 14% of adult Americans to use a mobile health application in 2011.
What really distinguishes the year ahead is that these disruptive technologies are finally being integrated with each other – cloud with mobile, mobile with social networking, social networking with 'big data' and real-time analytics.
As a result, these once-emerging technologies can no longer be invested in, or managed, as sandbox efforts around the edges of the market. Instead, they are rapidly becoming the market itself and must be addressed accordingly.

Frank Gens is senior vice president and chief analyst at IDC